A refugee is somebody who fits the definition
of a refugee. So somebody who has left their country who fears being persecuted for one
of the five reasons that is in the refugee convention if they were returned to their
country. Now an asylums seeker is somebody who could be a refugee but whose claim has
not yet been considered by a government of a state party to the refugee convention, or
by the UNHCR in Hong Kong. So as soon as somebody leaves their country of origin and they fear
persecution and they fit that definition, then they are a refugee, whether or not they
have actually been told by anybody or any official process that they are a refugee.
But some asylum seekers may not be refugees, so after their claim is determined and it
is determined that they don’t fit the definition, and they actually don’t fit the definition
of a refugee, than their not refugees, and then they’re no longer asylum seekers either
once their claim has been finalized.